Preventive Analytical Mapping: it is a system developed by our company which allows, once the customer provides us with the location of the site where he would like to build the plant and the type of plant he intends to build, to develop a preliminary layout and rendering of the finished system with relative photo-insertion.

Furthermore, in this phase, we proceed with the study of possible constraints and evaluate local contingencies.

Finally, the multi-year development plan is drafted by calculating costs and revenues and the construction times of the plant to be built. The customer is given a document/feasibility study of great strategic importance which allows him to have a complete vision of the investment he is going to support.

STREET. It is the Environmental Impact Assessment which has been simplified in recent times.Previously it was necessary to make two requests, one for the VIA (Environmental Impact Assessment), one for the AIA (Integrated Environmental Authorization).Two applications, double documents, double commission. Not to mention the considerable number of documents required to be prepared.Recently the procedure has been simplified by the PAUR: Single Regional Authorization Provision.With this new procedure, the two requests for authorizations, VIA and AIA, have been merged, also simplifying the production of documents.

The PAUR makes it possible to obtain approval for the construction of the plant and therefore to start the executive design, once the Compliance with the Prescriptions has also been obtained, which allows the construction of the plant.All this has been done to speed up bureaucracy, to simplify, and is evaluated in a single commission.Since the entry into force of the PAUR, our company has already presented various authorizations, some have already been successful and others are still in progress.

It is an article that was made in July 2021 which can speed up the authorization phase of the PAUR and have a preliminary opinion on the possibility of creating a plant with reduced costs because the documentation is simplified and there are no preliminary charges.
A preliminary technical and environmental project is presented in the Region and sent to all the competent bodies asking for a preliminary opinion on the plant to be built.

Within 5 days, if the documents presented are correct, the admissibility is given and at the same time a service conference is called in asynchronous mode where all the competent bodies are invited to participate, who have 15 days to request additions.
Within 90 days, all the nominated Bodies must express their opinion, otherwise silence/assent is valid.

The decisions expressed in the preliminary conference can be justifiedly modified or supplemented only in the presence of new elements, such as to have significant negative repercussions on the interests involved that emerged in the subsequent PAUR procedure, providing adequate justification of the assumptions that determine this decision in relation to the results emerged.

The administrations and entities that do not express themselves in the preliminary services conference cannot set conditions, formulate observations or highlight reasons impeding the implementation of the intervention during the PAUR procedure, except in the presence of significant new elements, which emerged during the this procedure also following the observations of the interested parties.

To be counted among the Innovative PMI it is necessary to have at least two of the following requirements: a patent/licence, a certified balance sheet with a specific item on Research and Development or a third of the specialized engineering personnel.

Our requirements are: certified financial statements and a patent: the gasifier. In recent years, the Ministry of Economic Development has allocated various tax breaks to achieve the objectives of circular economy, ecological transition and above all to make up for the lack of plants in our nation.

Among the forms of concessions introduced by Law n. 160/2019 to art. 1 paragraphs 198-209, regulated by the Implementing Decree of 05.26.2020, there is the tax credit for Research and Development, for Technological Innovation and Design, with different percentages.

In the case of contracts stipulated with innovative PMIs, based in the state, the percentages increase further, as the expenses contribute to forming the basis for calculating the tax credit for an amount equal to 150% of their amount.

For example, anyone who builds a waste treatment plant in the South relying on an innovative PMI will have a tax credit, only for Research and Development of 37.50% for large companies, 52.50% for medium-sized companies and 67.50% for small businesses.  For companies in the North, the percentage of credit for R&D is lower but still interesting if you are targeting an Innovative PMI.

The fluff is the volatile part that is obtained from the shredding of vehicles, mainly composed of pieces of plastic and upholstery. Currently most of this “waste” ends up in landfills.

The other side of the coin is that the fluff being admitted to the production of combustible CSS (as per DM 14 February 2013, circular n.22 27 March 2018) can become to all intents and purposes a “resource” for energy valorisation for gasification and cement works, thus favoring the process of circular economy and ecological transition.

As established by the European Union, only materials with a low organic carbon content and non-recyclable materials must end up in landfills: in other words, giving priority to the recovery of materials, the directive provides for composting and recycling as primary strategies for disposal.

Furthermore, the European Union itself has established that the use of landfills must touch a threshold below 10% for all member countries. The benefits are significant both economically and environmentally.

To add to the discussion, the construction of plants for the treatment of the organic fraction only within national borders (to considerably reduce the use of landfills) determines a significant economic benefit in the Regions with the lowest separate collection rates, allowing a significant reduction TARI and going to reduce the costs of transfer.

From an environmental point of view, bridging the plant gap for the energy recovery of municipal waste and sewage sludge would allow for an overall net saving of 3.7 million tonnes of CO2 emissions compared to sending them to landfills.

Thanks to the associated electricity production, there would also be a significant increase in the share of renewable energies in the overall generation of the country, thus contributing to the energy transition.

Organic sewage sludge is loaded with metals and pollutants which is why the new EU regulation 2019/1009 will be effective from 16 July 2022 which does not allow the use of sewage and industrial sludge for the production of compost as an EU fertilising product from enter the European market, consequently the best solution for managing sewage sludge is to first pass through drying and then proceed with energy recovery and thus complete the circular economy process.

Oily water, or more commonly bilge water, is the wastewater that settles on the bottom of ships, including drains and various water infiltrations. To these are added lubricating oils, fuels, condensation liquids, black and gray waters and hull washing detergents.

All these wastes put together give rise to oily and/or bilge waters.

This wastewater must be treated in authorized plants, as it is particularly polluting and harmful to both people and the marine environment.

Once transferred to the plants, the water-oil separation takes place, where the former is treated and reintroduced into the environment, while the oil is regenerated and reused as a lubricant in other industrial processes.

The thermal desorption process is mainly used for the treatment of contaminated soils in order to vaporize the volatile and semi-volatile organic contaminants present in them. In a primary phase a simple evaporation of these compounds takes place; unlike incineration treatments, in fact, the operating conditions (temperature levels, residence times) are such as to guarantee only the volatilization of the pollutants. Once volatilised, the organic compounds can be, in a secondary stage, variously treated. The process operating temperatures are between 90 and 650 °C and for the subsequent removal of the contaminants, the combustion air itself or inert gas is used as the transport fluid.

Thermal desorption can be effectively adopted for the removal from contaminated soil of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds and also of substances with a higher boiling point such as polychlorinated biphenyls; it is instead ineffective in separating inorganic contaminants. However, the more volatile metals (such as mercury and arsenic) can be removed using higher process temperatures; moreover, the presence of chlorine can significantly favor the vaporization of some metals, such as lead.

Article 28 of Legislative Decree 152/2006 provides for the compliance verification activity to be carried out by the authority that adopted the VIA or the P.A.U.R.It is an activity for the control of a correct and consistent implementation of the provisions indicated in the Environmental Impact Assessment procedure or the P.A.U.R. aimed at achieving effective environmental protection.

The proposer, in compliance with the times and specific implementation methods established in the EIA/P.A.U.R. Verification provision, must send the competent Authority in electronic format, the documentation containing the elements necessary for the verification of compliance.

The elements that contain it are nothing more than a precise and timely response to all the requirements issued by the Competent Authority at the time of issue of the authorisation.

The verification activity should be completed within thirty days of receipt of the documentation sent by the proposer.

By liquid waste we mean all sewage and/or waste water that cannot be discharged into the public sewer before being subjected to treatment in authorized purification plants and then ending up, depending on the cases defined by current legislation, in surface water, on the ground , underground or in the sewer system.

Liquid waste can be of a civil or industrial nature, dangerous or not. The legislation that regulates liquid waste is the consolidated environmental text which in art. 256 indicate: anyone who carries out an irregular activity of collection, recovery, transport, disposal, trade and intermediation of liquid waste can be prosecuted by law.

Stabilization and solidification are two essential processes for the inertization of waste (incorporation of polluting substances in an inert matrix, through a chemical and/or physical process.)

The difference between the two processes is as follows: stabilization is the phase which chemically converts the contaminants into their less soluble, less mobile and less toxic form, while solidification fixes them structurally in an inert solid material, significantly decreasing the potential dispersion in environment.

The sludge from purification is that fraction of solid matter contained in urban and extra-urban waste water, which is removed, in the purification plants, during the various mechanical-biological-chemical purification treatments, necessary to make the clarified water compatible with its reintroduction in nature without creating alterations to the ecosystem of the receiving body (sea, rivers, lakes or in special cases even the surface soil).

When we talk about the revamping of waste treatment plants, it is a real modernization that concerns those waste treatment plants that need a plant restyling, since they are dated and use technologies that do not allow them to have adequate technical/environmental performance our times and in compliance with BAT (Best Available Techniques).

Consequently, for all those obsolete waste treatment plants, revamping represents a fundamental element in obtaining environmental and economic results that allow the company to be competitive on the market and have a high environmental status. 

Il soil washing è una tecnica di bonifica del suolo contaminato che prevede il recupero della parte pregiata attraverso un processo di separazione fisica dell’inquinante. La tecnica può avvenire sia on site che off site. Questa tecnica consiste nell’escavare il suolo contaminato e nel conferirlo in un impianto che può essere mobile o fisso per il trattamento degli inquinanti. La tecnica del soil washing si basa sul principio che i contaminanti vengono veicolati attraverso le particelle più fini presenti nelle frazioni del suolo, e consiste nell’effettuare un vero e proprio lavaggio (washing) tramite l’utilizzo di acqua, soluzioni acquose di tensioattivi, biosurfattanti, oppure con solventi organici.

I metodi su cui si basa la rimozione dei contaminanti sono due:

  • Dissoluzione completa dei contaminanti nella soluzione acquosa di estrazione;
  • Concentrazione ed eventuale dispersione dei contaminanti nella soluzione di estrazione, sotto forma di particelle sospese.

The inertization of waste consists in the incorporation of polluting substances in an inert matrix, through a chemical and/or physical process.

The goal is to reduce the polluting potential and the dangerousness of the waste, making it suitable for the subsequent phases: landfill disposal for non-hazardous waste, or recovery.

The inerting processes can be divided by:

  • Stabilization or solidification, obtained with hydraulic binders based on inorganic reagents (e.g. cement, lime, clay);
  • Stabilization or solidification, obtained with organic reagents (e.g. thermoplastics, macroencapsulated compounds, polymers);
  • Vitrification or glass ceramics (thermal destruction of the waste).

The inerting process is applied in particular to waste containing mainly inorganic pollutants.